Although very interesting, space exploration is extremely expensive. Were you aware that the budget of NASA’s fiscal year this year is 21.6 billion USD? Imagine the technological progress the department will make with this high budget. Our daily use of technology like mobile phones and smartphones might seem advanced for you, but in comparison to the complexities of space technology, that’s nothing. Let’s all look at some of the most groundbreaking innovations that have been invented by space exploration to help us understand as much about the Universe as possible. Through this article, we will determine how much space technology has evolved from the last decade.
The Hubble Telescope
This telescope has become one of the most significant space exploration developments since its launch in 1990. This technology, located at 569 km above the surface of the Earth, prevents atmospheric distortion, enabling thousands of jaw-dropping photographs to return to the Earth. It also contributed to explaining many of the biggest mysteries in space. It helped us decide the universe era, showed that dark energies are present, planets discovered, quasars, and so forth. The antennas on the telescope are sent to its Goddard Space Flight Center and gather data. The technicians can communicate with it by sending commands utilizing satellites. Two main machines and several smaller units comprise the telescope. One computer is responsible for controlling the telescope whereas the other transmits its data to many other instruments and transfers it to satellites which really pass these details to the Centre. You can check out many of the great pictures taken through the years by this sophisticated telescope.
Were you aware that a spacecraft weighs more than 300 lbs, and it costs to build $22 million? While extremely costly, they are very advanced in technology. Spacesuits permit us to get into environments which humans are usually unable to withstand at high temperatures for even more than a few seconds. In addition, they supply oxygen for us to breathe throughout spacewalks as well as provide water for drinking. The suits even defend the astronauts against space pollution, radiance in space, strong sunlight, as well as enable them to travel on gravitationally restrained surfaces. We would not have been able to walk on some other terrestrial planets without these complicated space suits.
The Kepler Telescope
The cost-effective Kepler telescope only lasted 3 to 4 years but was intended to last nearly ten years. This telescope has been designed to locate planets that are close to Earth outside our solar system. It published more than four and a half hundred planets and planet candidates. Out of the nine years of space, Kepler was faced with the constellation of Cygnus for the last four years. In observing diming stars as planets moved in front of them, Kepler discovered exoplanets, planets that orbit stars outside our Solar System. The biggest accomplishment of Kepler was the discovery of the diversity of our universe and planets and even sometimes orbit many stars and also in the Star Wars Universe. Without telescopes like these, people can’t see what is outside of our neighborhood. The distance from our home planet to a human being, in reality, is only 400171 km. Our telescopes like Hubble have an unpredictable space of up to 13 billion light-years, while one light-year is about 9.46 trillion kilometers.
International Space Station
The ISS seems to be the biggest and also most costly technology ever developed, weighing nearly one million pounds and costing roughly 160 billion USD. This high-tech technology enables its passengers, so they only need 90 minutes to orbit the Earth at five miles per second. It can also be linked simultaneously to the station by up to six spaceships. While this technology is highly advanced, a great deal of work is needed to keep it. About half a million flight software lines have over 50 computers controlling devices, mostly on the space station and over three million lines of land-based software code. These space expenses are highly satisfying, although they are expensive. The ISS functions as a scientific facility, and that as a result, we learn more mentally and physically about just the impact of space on the human body.
Spirit & Opportunity
Spirit & Opportunity are two successful Martian rovers, which have been sufficiently advanced to monitor us from the Earth with several discoveries on Mars. Their goal would be to conduct geological fields and render atmospheric observations mostly on nearly opposite sides of Mars. Not only did they give us the first color and transparent photos of the surface of Mars, but also they found the sporadic water flow on Mars in 2015. These two rovers were overrun by many years of their projected 90-day existence, rendering them one of NASA’s most promising innovations.
There are just a few of so many elaborate innovations mentioned above. The money we spend on technology has greatly enabled us to increase our universe awareness. We wouldn’t be as aware of space exploration without technology like we do nowadays. Dr. Katie Bouman took the first-ever picture of a black hole, for instance, on 10 April 2019. In the center of the galaxy called M87, the black hole throughout this picture is about 55 billion light-years away. We are expanding our understanding of space, as well as technology is a key factor for this. Who determines what innovations throughout the future we are going to develop. Perhaps one day, we will get far closer to just the speed of light at a velocity, and our explorers can explore various galaxies.
Looking at these innovations, we can conclude that space technology has taken a huge leap and evolved very much, and by time, it will grow to higher stages and will change the face of space technology.